Feet are important harbingers of other health issues. In the elderly, the feet may manifest problems that forecast diabetes, nerve problems, circulatory disorders and arthritis. Even children can develop problems later in life when their feet aren’t properly cared for in youth.

 

Fortunately for all ages, Bramalea Chiropractic Walk In and Physiotherapy Clinic employs a registered chiropodist, or foot specialist that treats:
  • Bunions
  • Heel pain
  • Heel spurs
  • Hammertoes
  • Neuromas
  • Sprains
  • Foot ulcers
  • Fractures
  • Infections
  • Ingrown toenails
  • Warts
  • Corns
  • Calluses
  • Plantar fasciitis
  • Metatarsalgia
What Chiropodists Do
Our chiropodist can perform foot surgery to remedy various serious issues such as ruptured Achilles tendons or fit patients with custom orthotics (shoe inserts) to correct your gait. Use these links to navigate easily to the condition you wish to explore:

 

Corns and Calluses

Although corns and calluses are simply composed of dead skin, they can cause problems because they can rub on your shoes or form a lump on the bottom of your foot. Calluses typically appear on the soles of feet, and corns are usually found on the toes. Both are caused by friction. For removal, see our chiropodist – never try to remove corns or calluses yourself!

 

Blisters

Usually caused by friction, most blisters don’t need the care of a doctor. The fluid inside the blister is simply absorbed by the body eventually, with new skin forming under it. Aloe cream or vitamin E ointment are both good home treatments for blisters. It’s never a good idea to puncture a blister unless necessary – i.e., painfully large. In that case, use a sterilized razor blade or needle after thoroughly washing the area and make only a small hole. A bit of hydrogen peroxide after the fluid is squeezed out will ward off infection. Leave the skin over the blister as a protective cover, and bandage the area. Seek medical help if the fluid is white or yellow, indicating infection.

 

You won’t get blisters in the first place if you break in new shoes gradually, putting petroleum jelly or adhesive bandages on spots that rub. Tube socks are notorious for causing blisters; choose socks with heels. Wash and dry your feel ever day to prevent athlete’s foot.

 

Ingrown Toenails

Causes of ingrown toenails include cutting your nails too short or placing abnormal pressure on the side of your big toe as you walk. This common but painful condition starts with swelling and tenderness and may progress to infection or the skin growing over the ingrown nail. Soak your foot in warm salt water several times a day and insert dental floss between the skin and nail. If you see infection, you’ll need to visit us. We can treat the ingrown toenail or even perform a surgical procedure, if needed.

 

Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Spur)

Heel spurs occur when the feet are flattened for one reason or another, stretching the plantar fascia that stretches the length of the bottom of your feet. Sometimes that tendon becomes inflamed and very painful. Some treatments include stretching that tendon (especially in the morning), taking anti-inflammatory medications, icing the area, getting orthotics and engaging in physical therapy. If your heels hurt when you walk, you need to come see our chiropodist.

 

Metatarsalgia (Pain in Ball of Foot)

If the ball of your foot hurts, you may have metatarsalgia – an inflamed, painful joint. Sometimes a callus even develops under the joint. Other causes of this condition are rigid footwear, arthritis or perhaps an accident or sports injury. If a change of shoes doesn’t alleviate your pain, custom orthotics often can solve the problem.

 

Shin Splints

Do the muscles and tendons on either side of your shin bone hurt after activity? You could have shin splints, a painful inflammation in those tissues that is related to arch problems. To avoid shin splints, be sure to stretch before and after exercise. If you already suffer from shin pain, see us for corrective shoes or orthotics.

 

Flat Feet

This very common issue is completely normal in small children who don’t walk yet, but older kids who appear not to be developing a normal arch should see a chiropodist. Check your child’s shoes. Do they lean toward each other when placed side by side? That’s a sign of flat feet – along with foot pain, of course.

 

Adults who have flat feet can lead to tendon inflammation (perhaps even tearing) and pain. You should always see a doctor if you suspect flat feet and experience mid-foot pain. We may suggest taping, icing, bracing, physical therapy or orthotics; and we may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications to treat you. In some cases, surgery is necessary.

 

Achilles Tendinitis

Athletes know that the Achilles tendon is one of the most frequently ruptured tendons in the body. Achilles tedinitis – overuse and inflammation of the tendon that joins your calf muscle to your heel bone – can result from increasing the intensity of your running or stair climbing routine or starting back up with your exercise routine too quickly after a cessation without stretching adequately. Trauma can also rupture this tendon.

 

If you notice swelling in your leg, pain along the tendon after exercise or pain in the mornings, you can treat these symptoms with custom rest, changing exercises and bandaging. Your chiropodist may also suggest orthotics, anti-inflammatory medications or surgery.

 

Diabetes Issues

Diabetes, or chronic high blood sugar, can cause damage to your nervous system that can result in foot problems. Diabetes decreases your immune system’s ability to stave off infection in your feet, and it can damage the nerves in your feet, leading to numbness. With no feeling in your feet, you may not be able to detect damage you’re inflicting on your joints, bones and skin through normal pain. Should a diabetic develop sores on the feet, they may not heal properly.

 

Properly fitting shoes are essential for diabetics, and orthotics may be necessary for those with common foot problems like hammertoes, bunions or flat feet. To avoid serious issues such as losing toes, feet and even legs, consult a chiropodist if you’re a diabetic – especially a long-term or poorly controlled one.

 

Fungal Nails

Oral or topical anti-fungal medications may be prescribed to treat a fungal infection of the toenails, which starts as a thickening of the nail. You may see a discoloration of the nail, as well. By treating your fungal nail early, you can avoid infection of the skin around it. After your chiropodist has treated your nail, wash and dry your feet before bedtime and apply anti-function cream to your whole foot. You can apply the cream less and less often as time goes on. Be sure to keep your feet dry, avoid sharing nail clippers and socks, and wear shower shoes in public places.

 

Bunions

Bunions come from wearing shoes that are too tight, usually; although your basic foot structure figures into the equation. A third of the population of Western countries suffer from bunions, which are bone deformities wherein the joint at the base of the big toe enlarges, and the big toe points toward the other toes – sometimes even overlapping them.

 

Pain and inflammation result from bunions, which can even cause hammertoe. Left untreated, bunions can lead to painful bursitis or arthritis. That’s why, if you believe you have a bunion, you should make an appointment with us immediately. Our chiropodist may prescribe special footwear, custom orthotics, splints for overnight wear or even surgery to realign the toe.

 

Bone Spurs

Small outgrowths of bone, most often in the heel, above the big toe joint and near the toes, are typically harmless but may cause irritating friction. We often treat this problem with anti-inflammatory medications and cortisone injections at first, and then with orthotics to keep them from recurring.